[Event "American CF-05 (Western op-39) Finals"] [Site "Boston"] [Date "1938.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Kashdan, Isaac"] [Black "Blumin, Boris"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "D61"] [Annotator "MJDonnelly"] [PlyCount "117"] [EventDate "1938.??.??"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "11"] [EventCountry "USA"] [SourceTitle "EXT 2000"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1999.11.16"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "1999.11.16"] [SourceQuality "1"] 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5 4. Bg5 Be7 5. Nf3 Nbd7 6. e3 O-O {A Queens Gambit position that Kashdan had some experience of from both sides of the board.} 7. Qc2 {White avoids the so-called Orthodox Defence which was very popular at the time the main game was played but faded almost into oblivion from the 1950s onwards. This arises after} (7. Rc1 c6 ({Kashdan as Black often tried to introduce somewhat sharper play with the move} 7... a6 {now or when White plays an early a3. Examples include against Rellstab, Stockholm Masters 1930; Bogoluljubov, Bled International 1931; Buerger, London International 1932; in his famous drawn match versus Horowitz in 1938; and Steiner, Hollywood 1945.}) 8. Bd3 dxc4 9. Bxc4 {now Black tries to free the position by further exchanges} Nd5 10. Bxe7 Qxe7 11. O-O Nxc3 12. Rxc3 e5 {after which White has tried numerous moves to attempt to gain some sort of edge. On the other-hand Black has little chance to win from this position.}) ({Earlier Kashdan played} 7. a3 {but the game remained level after} Re8 8. Rc1 c6 9. Bd3 dxc4 10. Bxc4 Nd5 11. Ne4 {Kashdan-Asztalos, Bled International 1931.}) 7... c6 (7... h6 {is recommended by Pachman as best.} 8. Bf4 ({Alternatively the potential sharper move} 8. h4 {"deserves more analysis" stated Pachman in his authoratative Queens Gambit book (ca 1966) and this duly occured in Reuben-Donnelly, Manchester Open 1970:} c5 9. cxd5 {White simplifies too early rather than play the very double edged} (9. O-O-O $5) 9... Nxd5 10. Nxd5 exd5 11. Bxe7 Qxe7 12. g3 cxd4 13. Nxd4 Nf6 14. Bg2 Bg4 15. O-O Rac8 16. Qb3 Rfd8 {and Black was fine and the game was eventually drawn.}) 8... c5 9. cxd5 cxd4 10. exd4 Nxd5 11. Nxd5 exd5 12. a3 Re8 13. Be2 Nf6 14. Bc7 Bf5 {and Black was again fine in Kashdan-Rubinstein, Olympiad Prague 1931.}) ({Also quite common is} 7... b6 { as occurred in one of my earliest correspondence games (Bright-Donnelly, Junior PCL 1968) which continued} 8. Rd1 Bb7 9. cxd5 exd5 10. Bd3 Ne4 11. Bf4 Ndf6 12. h3 Re8 13. O-O c5 14. Nb5 $11) 8. Bd3 (8. a3 Re8 (8... b6 $1 {here equalises whilst the text, often played in older games, doesn't place the rook on an effective square and White obtained an edge via}) 9. Bd3 dxc4 10. Bxc4 Nd5 11. Bxe7 Qxe7 12. Ne4 Nf8 13. O-O Rd8 14. Rad1 Bd7 15. Ba2 { Kashdan-Kupchik, New York International 1931.}) 8... dxc4 (8... Re8 {was slightly better for White following} 9. O-O h6 10. Bh4 a6 11. Rfd1 dxc4 12. Bxc4 b5 13. Bb3 Qb6 14. a4 Bb7 {Kashdan-Monticelli, Syracuse 1934.}) 9. Bxc4 h6 {Again a good reply. Instead, the modern game between two very strong players, saw White a bit better after the simplifiying move} (9... Nd5 { Tomashevsky-Grachev, CRO-T 1A 2019.}) 10. Bh4 a6 {Black's planned expansion on the queens-side, whilst perfectly acceptable, leads to a game that is somewhat easier for White to play. More recent games show that Black can equalise more readily with} (10... Nd5 {Kasparov-Anand, Paris Immopar rapid 1992.}) ({ or saving a move with an immediate} 10... b5 {Vitiugov-Khismatullin, RUS-ch Blitz Sochi 2016.}) 11. O-O (11. a4 {is another good plan attacking Black's queens-side structure.}) 11... b5 12. Be2 Bb7 (12... c5 {is probably most accurate here although White has a slight initiative from} 13. dxc5 Nxc5 14. Rfd1 Qb6 15. b4 {which has occured in several recent games.}) 13. Rfd1 { The rook on the d-file, opposing the Black queen, means White has some nagging pressure here.} Qb6 {Removing the queen from danger. Other moves tried in this position, in many later games, allow White to retain an edge} (13... Rc8 14. Ne5 $14) ({or} 13... Nd5 14. Bxe7 Qxe7 15. Ne4 $14) 14. e4 $5 ({Natural occupying the centre but} 14. Ne5 $1 {has been proven to be stronger in a couple of subsequent games. One example being} Rfe8 15. Nxd7 Nxd7 16. Bxe7 Rxe7 17. Ne4 {Arana Garate-Zubia Aramburu, Azkoitia 2010.}) 14... Rfe8 {The passive placement of the rook again. Better was} (14... Rac8 15. e5 Nd5 16. Bxe7 Nxe7 { and Black has fully equalised as in Garnett-Vermar, GBR-ch Major Bournemouth 2016.}) 15. e5 {A strong move. Although White gives up pawn control of d5 he prevents the freeing mvoe c5 by Black and gains control of the c5 square. Importantly this means Black's b7 bishop attains the status of being "bad" and locked in by its own pawns.} ({This pawn advance is far better than} 15. Rac1 { which allows Black to equalise with} c5 {Yudovich-Krasnov, Moscow-ch 1969.} ({ but if Blacks plays the defensive} 15... Nf8 {then} 16. e5 {is again strong as in Van Herck-Mitran, Flemisch-ch, Gent 2017.})) 15... Nd5 16. Bxe7 Nxc3 (16... Rxe7 {fails to achieve c5 without major issues since if} 17. Ne4 c5 18. dxc5 Rc8 {then simply} 19. b4 {is winning.} ({but not} 19. cxb6 $2 Rxc2 {and Black has escaped form all his problems with a promising game.})) ({or if} 16... Nxe7 {then} 17. Ne4 {when the knight has access to the dominant square d6.}) 17. Qxc3 Rxe7 18. b4 {Now White has an absolute grip on the c5 square. Whilst its true Black has control of the d5 square and may occupy it with a knight this does not achieve much on its own. Control of c5 , however, allows White to pressure the backward c6 pawn and thus pin Black down to its defence. White may then devote time to occupying more space or key squares on the other side of the board which he does ever the next several moves.} Qd8 19. Nd2 Nb6 20. Nb3 {Thus White has options of Na5 attacking b7 and c6 as well as Nc5 hitting the bishop on b7.} Nd5 21. Qd2 Ra7 22. Rac1 (22. a4 {is another strong plan putting Black's queens side pawn formation under pressure.}) 22... Rc7 23. Bf3 {Indirectly putting pressure on the weak backward c6 pawn. White also has options to increase this with Na5 and/or doubling, or perhaps even tripling heavy pieces on the c-file.} Ba8 24. Rc5 {Reinforcing the fact that Black never has been allowed to sacrifice the c6 pawn by c5 and obtain play on the long diagonal with a Black queen on b7 or d5.} Rc8 25. Rdc1 Rd7 26. a3 { Securing the b-pawn whilst the next few moves show White probing Black's position to induce more weaknesses.} Ne7 27. Be4 Nd5 28. g3 {Dispaying the good technique of not hurrying and White slowly gains more control of squares whilst giving his king a back rank exit square.} Kf8 29. Qc2 Kg8 30. Qe2 Qg5 31. h4 Qd8 32. R5c2 Ra7 33. Qf3 Qe7 {So far Black has demonstrated an adequate defence of c6 so White now broadens the battle front and begins to advance on the kings-side.} 34. Kh2 {Providing for another option of possibly opening the g-file at some stage with g4-g5.} Qd8 35. Rc5 Rd7 36. Qe2 Qe7 37. Na5 Rdc7 38. Qd2 Qd7 39. Qd3 Qd8 40. R1c2 Qe7 41. Rc1 {This retreat allows the rook to swing over to the kings-side at an opportune moment.} Qd8 42. Qf3 Qe7 43. Bd3 { Now Black has to deal with the threat of Qe4 which induces the Black king's pawn cover forward.} g6 {Its difficult to suggest anything much better as after } (43... f6 44. exf6 Qxf6 45. Qxf6 gxf6 {White is also much better as the Black pawn structure has again been weakened.}) 44. h5 {Softening up the pawns. } Qg5 45. Be4 Qxh5+ $2 {Being totally on the defesive for many moves is very diffiuclt in a practical game and here Black finally cracks. Probably he thought exchanging queens would reduce his problems but this is not so.} (45... gxh5 {instead is ony slighlty better as after} 46. Kg2 Qg4 47. Rh1 {the pressure continues and Black's kings side pawns have been badly disrupted.}) 46. Qxh5 gxh5 47. Bxd5 {The key idea White gives up the bishop to elimante Black's only semi-active piece. This leaves the White king free to march up the board in safety.} exd5 48. Kh3 Kg7 49. Kh4 f6 (49... Kg6 50. R1c3 {and White has Rf3-f6 coming.}) 50. exf6+ Kxf6 51. Kxh5 Kf5 52. Re1 {Cutting off the Black king from e4. Whilst the totally impatient} (52. Kxh6 $4 {throws the game to} Rh8#) 52... Kf6 53. Rc3 Rg8 54. Rf3+ Kg7 55. Re6 Rf7 56. Rg6+ Kf8 57. Rxf7+ Kxf7 58. Rxg8 Kxg8 59. Kxh6 {Black is unable to prevent the advance of the two passed pawns whilst rather forlornly the bishop sits totally out of play on a8. This game was quite a pummelling for Blumin who otherwise did well in this strong event. Kashdan was equal first with Horowitz on 9 points, but Blumin actually beat the latter to finish third equal with Polland on 7.5 points, above well known players such as Santasiere and Jaffe.} 1-0