### (1) Kitson,P.R - Stephenson,F.N [C35]

Teesside Open (2), 1973

* [MJDonnelly]*

**
**

1.e4
e5
2.f4
exf4
3.Nf3
Be7
4.Bc4
Nf6
5.Nc3
Although played about 25% of the time in this position this does not seem the best continuation. It is little covered in opening books, though, so could have surprise value. Instead the most popular move 5.e5 is generally detailed in books. One example with Norman taking the White pieces went [5.e5
Ng4
6.0-0
Nc6
7.d4
d6
8.exd6
Bxd6
9.Re1+
Ne7
10.Nc3
0-0
11.Ne4
Ng6
12.Nxd6
Qxd6
13.h3
Nh6
14.c3
Bf5
15.Ne5
c5
16.Qf3
cxd4
17.Nxg6
Bxg6
18.Qxf4
with roughly equal chances as the poor position of the Nh6 (and the possibility of Bxh6) balances the extra pawn for Black: Stephenson-Wise (T.H), Teesside? 1964.
However, GM Shaw also points out two relatively rare lines, the second of which he considers deserves proper consideration, these are 5.Qe2 and 5.d3.]

5...Nxe4
A strong continuation that is also seen in some other 1. e4 e5 openings and also the Pirc Defence. [5...0-0
is natural, but weaker, as White is level after 6.d3
Meixner-Neubauer, Balatonlelle Open 2008.]

6.Bxf7+
[6.Nxe4
has also been seen in quite a few games but Black is better after 6...d5
and went on to win in Biggs-Stephenson, Paignton Reserves 1961.; 6.0-0
has occurred in a few games but White does not have full compensaiton for the two pawns sacrificed after the straightforward 6...0-0
Sogaard-Pedersen, Aarhusch-ch 1995.]

6...Kxf7
7.Nxe4
[7.Ne5+
is poor provided Black plays correctly 7...Ke6?
* (*instead
*7...Kg8!
*is much safer *8.Nxe4
d6
9.Nf3
d5
*with a significant advantage, as has occurred in several games such as Grabarczyk-Maslanka, Shupsk 1989.*) *8.Qg4+
with the queen joining the attack White is winning * (8.Nxe4
*worked out well after *8...d5?
** (*but *8...Kxe5
*is playable, going the "whole hog", when White seems to have no more than a draw, for example *9.d4+
Kxe4
10.Qd3+
Kd5
11.Qb3+
Kc6=
) *9.Qg4+
Kxe5
10.d4+
Kxd4
11.c3+
Ke5
12.Bxf4+
Kxe4
13.Qf3+
and Black was crushed in Lutikov-Korchnoi, Chigorin Memorial, Leningrad 1951 (the full game with notes is given in "Brevities V" in the archive section of this web site (Dec. 2009-Jan. 2010).) 8...Kxe5
9.d4+
Kxd4
* (9...Kf6
10.Qxf4++-
*Susallek-Guensch, Obernau 2009.*) *10.Qxf4
Kc5
11.b4+
Ballore-Van Gijsel, Guernsey open 1991.]

7...d5
[7...Rf8
is similar to the main game where Black castles by hand (and incidentally guards the extra pawn on f4.) 8.0-0
Kg8
9.d4
d5
10.Nc5
Berg-Ahlander, SWE-ch Skara 2002.]

8.Nf2
[If 8.Nc3
then 8...Rf8
again works well for Black 9.d4
Kg8
10.0-0
Nc6
safely retaining the extra pawn, Burenkov-Jakubovics, Monmouth Open 2001.; but 8.Ne5+
seems a better bet when White at least gets some play for the pawn due to the misplaced Black king 8...Kg8
9.Nf2
Nc6
10.d4
g5
11.h4
Zjajo-Schrepp, Nord Baden, Germany 1995.]

8...Rf8
[8...Bd6
prevents Ne5+ but loses a move hence White is only a little worst after 9.0-0
Bogorad-Podolnyy, German Seniors Ch, Dresden 2006.]

9.d4
Kg8
10.0-0
[10.g3
opens the h-file but also achieves a very bad game after 10...fxg3
11.hxg3
Qe8
12.Ne5
Bf5
13.Bf4
Nc6
Knibbs-Battersby, corr. 1953.]

10...c5
Black has tried a number of plans in this key position and c5 is a logical move attacking White's centre. This may also be achieved with the more common [10...Nc6
although the c-pawn would remains blocked. In addition,; 10...Bd6
; or 10...g5
is another plan where Black over-protects the f4 pawn to attempt to hold on to it more securely.; but 10...b6
is a little too slow as White is not too badly off after 11.Ne5
Dosch-Schelberg, GER OS-110 E-mail 2009.]

11.Nd3
cxd4
[A later game went 11...Qc7
12.Nfe5
cxd4
13.Bxf4
Bd6
14.Qd2
Nc6
15.Rae1
also with an advantage for Black in Hansen-Mikalsen, Finnmark Krets ch 1997.]

12.Nxf4
[12.Bxf4
is less effective since, although White achieved full development, Black held on to the extra pawn in the following game 12...Nc6
13.Qd2
Bf6
14.Nfe5
Bf5
15.Rae1-/+
Lopez Heras-Heras Cuenca, Tres Cantos open 2010.]

12...Nc6
13.Qe2
[13.Nxd4
immediately recovering the pawn was somewhat better as White had no need to fear 13...Bc5
* (*or the move *13...Qb6
*which is more complex but White comes out with an even ending via *14.Nxd5
Qxd4+
15.Qxd4
Rxf1+
** (*certainly not *15...Nxd4
*as White snatches a win with *16.Nxe7+
Kh8
17.Rxf8#
) *16.Kxf1
Nxd4
17.Nxe7+
Kf7
18.Nxc8
Nxc2
19.Rb1
) as the defence 14.c3
was available and after 14...Re8
Black is only slightly better as both sides have some problems bringing their queen's bishop and rook into play.]

13...Qd6
A good move gaining a tempo to develop the queen and also the queen's bishop effectively.

14.Nd3
Bg4
15.Bd2
Rf7
Black plans to increase the pressure on the pinned knight by doubling rooks on the f-file.

16.Rae1
Raf8
[16...Bh4
is also strong, with a two bishop positioning that sometimes occurs in the Kings Gambit, as the active rook on e1 would pushed away to a passive square. Black can then continue Raf8 with greater effect.]

17.Nde5
White has little better since if an attempt is made to resolve the pin with [17.h3
then 17...Bxf3
18.Rxf3
Rxf3
19.gxf3
Qg3+
20.Qg2
Rxf3
wins a second pawn.]

17...Nxe5
18.Qxe5
Bxf3
19.Rxf3
Rxf3
20.gxf3
Qxe5
21.Rxe5
Bf6
22.Rxd5
Whilst the exchanges have allowed White to win back the gambitted pawn he is left with weak pawns on f3 and c2. In addition, the Bf6 adds solidity to the Black position whilst White's counterpart is not, at present, doing much.

22...Rc8
23.c3
The best chance offering a pawn to simplify the game. [23.Rd7
is no use at all as Black wins a pawn with tempo by 23...Rxc2
24.Bb4
Rxb2
and if White tries to grabs the b-pawn then
25.Rxb7
d3
is too strong, for example, 26.Rb8+
Kf7
27.Bd6
d2
and queens.]

23...dxc3
24.Bxc3
Bxc3
25.bxc3
Rxc3
26.Rd8+
Kf7
27.Rd7+
Kf6
28.Rxb7
Ra3
29.Rb2
[29.Kg2
Rxa2+
30.Kg3
is a better chance for obtaining a draw. Although White is pawn down his rook is active. If Black advances the a-pawn then the rook can go to a7 and help defend. The White king must, however, always be able to reach the g2 square so that if the Black pawn reaches a2 then Rg1+ does not gain a tempo for a winning promotion.]

29...Rxf3
30.Kg2
Ra3
The difference here is that White is a pawn down but with a passive rook tied to defending a2.

31.Rf2+
Ke6
32.Re2+
Kf5
33.Rf2+
Ke5
34.Re2+
Kd6
35.Rd2+
Ke7
[Winning easily as is the continued advance of the king for instance 35...Ke5
36.Rd7
Rxa2+
37.Kg3
Kf6
]

36.Rf2
a5
37.Kf1
g5
38.Kg2
White can do nothing constructive so must wait until Black takes over key squares, and space, and then simply advances the king.

38...Ke6
39.Rc2
Kf5
40.Kf2
[40.Rc5+
does not offer any hope. A possible line is 40...Kf4
41.Rc4+
Ke3
42.Rc2
h5
43.Kg1
g4
44.Kf1
a4
45.Kg1
h4
46.Kf1
Rd3
which wins easily but not* (46...g3
47.hxg3
hxg3
48.Kg2
*and White can draw.*) *]

40...Kg4
41.Kg2
Kh4
42.Rd2
g4
43.Rc2
h5
44.Rd2
a4
45.Rc2
Rd3
46.Re2
Rc3
47.Rd2
a3
Controlling the b2 square so that once the Black rook arrives there White is defenceless so he now resigned. After [47...a3
a winning line is 48.Re2
Rc1
49.Rd2
Rb1
50.Rf2
Rb2
51.Kf1
* (*or *51.Rxb2
axb2
*and queens.*) *51...Rxf2+
52.Kxf2
Kh3
53.Kg1
h4
54.Kh1
g3
55.hxg3
hxg3
56.Kg1
g2
57.Kf2
Kh2
and the pawn advances to a queen.] ** 0-1**