Games
[Event "Mar del Plata International-22"] [Site "Mar del Plata"] [Date "1959.03.24"] [Round "2"] [White "Pachman, Ludek"] [Black "Pilnik, Hermann"] [Result "1-0"] [ECO "E81"] [Annotator "MJDonnelly"] [PlyCount "59"] [EventDate "1959.03.23"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "15"] [EventCountry "ARG"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceVersion "1"] [SourceVersionDate "1999.07.01"] [SourceQuality "1"] {[%evp 0,59,39,27,27,0,37,34,34,34,39,-1,50,16,26,21,43,36,45,52,96,61,77,77, 110,83,115,137,152,142,132,128,134,78,143,163,259,183,162,130,211,211,211,249, 211,136,229,183,191,216,416,489,441,441,578,415,1734,1718,29989,29990,29991, 29992]} 1. d4 {Pachman had a large opening repertoire as White playing 1. d4, as here, but also 1. c4, 1. e4 and 1.Nf3 with on a few occasions even 1.f4 thrown in. He was able to do this as a widely recognised opening authority, at the very least in the UK and Germany to my knowledge, from the 1960s up to the early 2000s. Whether this focus on a wide range of openings in both his theory books and his games, prevented him from becoming not just a very strong GM but a World Class GM is a moot point. It was certainly not helped by the often serious confrontations he had with the "Soviet Authorities".} Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. e4 d6 5. f3 {The Samisch variation securing White's broad centre but with a small drawback of limiting the options for development of the White king's knight. Often overlooked is the additional fact that f3 makes a subsequent g4 possible as part of a White attack that may also involve h4.} e5 {Black strikes in the centre even before castling whilst the same idea can be played after castling with} (5... O-O 6. Nge2 e5) 6. Nge2 {Keeping the tension in the centre. The main alternative is} (6. d5 {closing the centre when play usually goes} Nh5 7. Be3 f5) (6. dxe5 {is nothing special for White as after} dxe5 7. Qxd8+ Kxd8 {Black can follow with c6 when the king would be quite comfortable on c7.}) 6... O-O 7. Bg5 {As the king's knight has been developed early to e2 White takes the opportunity to develop the bishop to an active square. Instead if} (7. Be3 {the opening transposes to the common lines which arise if 6.Be3 had been played instead of 6.Nge2. Black then has the flexible move} c6 {available with a very playable game after} 8. Qd2 Nbd7) 7... c6 8. Qd2 Re8 {A relatively rare move in this position which doesn't achieve much in terms of pressure on the e-file unless Black can also open the game with d5. White's next prevents this option. In later years highly rated players favour the aggressive} (8... Qa5 {one recent example being Moiseenko-Kovalev, Dresden ZMD op 2010. This queen move was remarkably deeply researched in the fifties, thus about the time the main game was played, according to Cherniaev and Prokuronov in their 2007 book.}) ({and most preferably the flexible} 8... Nbd7 {for instance as played in Ponomariov-Radjabov, Banzna Kings 4th Medias 2010.}) 9. d5 (9. O-O-O {is another possibility although Black may again obtain counter-chances with the queen move 9...Qa5. If instead} Nbd7 {then White may play, for instance Kb1 or d5, when the Black king's rook is misplaced on e8.}) 9... Qc7 {When combined with Black's next this is a somewhat passive way of playing the KID which should be handled in a much more flexible and dynamic manner along the lines outlined earlier.} 10. O-O-O (10. g4 {is also very strong as after the line} Nbd7 11. Ng3 Rb8 12. h4 Nf8 13. h5 {as in Martinov-Kokol, Zagreb op 2015. White's attack is well under way and his king is simply not on the queens-side to be attacked if Black should be able to play b5. Later in the game White played Rc1 and left his king safely in the centre.}) 10... c5 ({Opening the c-file with} 10... cxd5 {is not promising for Black after} 11. Bxf6 Bxf6 12. Nxd5 Qd8 (12... Qxc4+ {leaves the queen and bishop attacked after} 13. Nec3 $18) 13. Nxf6+ Qxf6 {and White is much better after either} 14. Nc3 ({or} 14. Qxd6 Be6 ({Similarly} 14... Qxd6 15. Rxd6 Be6 16. Nc3 $16) 15. Nc3 $16 {Conner-Todd, IECC CL-6 2003.01 e-mail 2003.})) 11. g4 a6 12. Ng3 Nbd7 (12... b5 {in the mode of the Benko Gambit is of little use here as White can accept the pawn with tempo by} 13. cxb5 axb5 14. Bxb5 { again showing the rook on e8 is not optimally placed.}) 13. h4 Nf8 14. Bd3 Bd7 15. h5 Reb8 16. Nf5 {This is a characteristic piece sacrifice in attacks against the fianchetto castled position. It's also seen in the Sicilian Dragon in several lines. White either eliminates the defensive Bg7 (or in other cases the potentially powerful bishop if the centre is more open) or opens the g-file as an attackng avenue for the White heavy pieces.} gxf5 ({Black has no time to try and obtain a counter-attack, for example, by} 16... b5 {as White wins too much material after} 17. Ne7+ Kh8 18. h6 Bxg4 19. hxg7+ (19. fxg4 { is also easily winning after} Qxe7 20. hxg7+) 19... Kxg7 20. Bxf6+ Kxf6 21. Nc6 Rb6 (21... Bd7 22. Nxb8 Rxb8 $18) 22. fxg4 $18) ({Whilst the defensive} 16... Ne8 {guarding g7 and removing the knight from the pressure of the Bg5 is also met by} 17. Ne7+ Kh8 18. hxg6 fxg6 {and White has an overwhelming attack. Some possible lines are} 19. Qh2 ({White also has available the blunt} 19. Rxh7+ Nxh7 (19... Kxh7 20. Qh2+ Bh6 21. Qxh6#) 20. Rh1 Bxg4 21. Rxh7+ Kxh7 22. fxg4 Nf6 23. Qh2+ Nh5 24. gxh5 $18) 19... Bf6 20. Nxg6+ Kg8 21. Bxf6 $18) 17. gxf5 Be8 {a defensive plan with an interesting idea but really Black is struggling badly here already. That the position is so bad is illustrated by the following lines after the natural Black move} (17... b5 {which is by now far too late. For example,} 18. Rdg1 Ne8 (18... Kh8 19. h6 $18) (18... bxc4 19. Bxf6 cxd3 20. Rxg7+ Kh8 21. Rg2#) 19. h6 Bh8 20. Bd8+) 18. Rdg1 Ng6 {A somewhat desparate attempt to block the g-file which White can even afford to ignore.} 19. f4 {A very nice attacking idea. White declines the pieces and ploughs ahead with opening all the lines against the Black king.} (19. hxg6 { would still win even thought it seems to allow Black to hold on for a whilst. In the end though Whites attack is just too strong and the position could well have transposed to one that occurred later in the main game:} fxg6 20. f4 b5 21. fxg6 hxg6 22. f5 bxc4 23. Bxc4 $18 ({or} 23. Bf1 {transposing to the main game.})) 19... b5 20. hxg6 fxg6 21. fxg6 hxg6 22. f5 bxc4 23. Bf1 (23. Bxc4 { is another winning line but Black appears to gain a few threats after} Rb4 24. b3 Rab8 25. Bxf6 Bxf6 26. fxg6 a5 {but the following is crushing} 27. g7 a4 28. Rh8+ Kf7 29. g8=Q+ Ke7 30. Qe6+ Kd8 31. Qxe8#) 23... Ra7 24. fxg6 Rab7 25. Bxf6 ({And not} 25. Qh2 {as Black can even force a draw with} Rxb2 ({but} 25... Qa5 {fails miserably to} 26. Bxf6 Bxf6 (26... Qxc3+ 27. bxc3 Rb1+ 28. Kd2 R8b2+ 29. Ke3 Rxh2 30. Rxh2 Bxf6 $18) 27. Qh3 $18) 26. Qxb2 Rxb2 27. Kxb2 Qb8+ 28. Kc2 Qb4 29. Bd2 Ba4+ 30. Kc1 Qa3+ 31. Kb1 Qb4+ $11) 25... Bxf6 ({Black is unable to play the apparently strong} 25... Rxb2 {because of} 26. Bxg7 Rxd2 27. Bf6 { and mate follows.}) 26. Bh3 {The bishop re-emerges to join the attack so} Bd7 { is forced.} (26... Rxb2 {is still not feasible due to the gruesome lines} 27. Be6+ Kf8 28. g7+ Ke7 ({or} 28... Bxg7 29. Rh8+ Ke7 30. Rxg7+ $18) 29. g8=Q Rxd2 30. Rh7+ Kd8 31. Qxe8+ Kxe8 32. Rg8#) ({and trying to defend the second rank and f6 with} 26... Qd8 {is equally bad after} 27. Be6+ Kf8 28. g7+ Ke7 29. g8=Q $18) 27. Qf2 (27. Qh6 {is also more than good enough, for instance,} Bxh3 28. g7 Rxb2 29. Qh7+ Kf7 (29... Kxh7 30. g8=Q+ Rxg8 31. Rxh3+ Bh4 32. Rxh4#) 30. g8=Q#) 27... Rf8 28. g7 {A nice queen offer to finish the attack.} Bg5+ ({If} 28... Bxg7 {then White finishes quickly with} 29. Rxg7+ Kxg7 30. Rg1+ Kh6 31. Qh4#) 29. Rxg5 Rxf2 30. Be6+ (30. Be6+ {wins in a few moves, for example,} Bxe6 31. Rh8+ Kf7 32. g8=Q+ Kf6 33. Rg6+ Ke7 34. Qxe6# {This game is a good illustration of the attacking ideas available to White in these sort of commonly occuring Black set-ups.}) 1-0